Goldfish are one of the most popular options among fish farmers, and why not? They are attractive and unique. At the same time, they are a little sensitive to any changes. So if you want to add new goldfish to your aquarium, acclimatization is the best way to welcome them.
It is such a pleasant feeling when you buy new fish for the aquarium. But in some cases, the fish may die shortly after getting into a new home.
People often assume that they arrived from a pet store in poor condition. In fact, they could die due to the fact that their new owner did not properly acclimatize the fish in the home aquarium.
When acclimatizing goldfish, people usually lower the bag into the aquarium to even out the temperature, and then lower both the water and the fish into the water. This is a common way to acclimate new fish and is considered sufficient by some.
While your goldfish may survive this, adding them directly to the aquarium is a bad idea. They can bring parasites and diseases from the pet store that pollute the aquarium water.
Therefore, all new fish should be quarantined for approximately two weeks before they are added to your tank.
If you don’t have a quarantine aquarium, be sure to purchase one. Using a quarantine tank is the perfect way to acclimate new fish. It also gives you a place to house aggressive and injured fish when they need to be removed from the show tank.
Be careful when buying a new goldfish. If you see dead or sick fish in any of the tanks, don’t buy fish from them. Then remember to quarantine all newly purchased fish first to protect the fish you have at home.
The Importance of Acclimatizing Goldfish
As a rule, acclimatization is an important part of placing the fish in a new container. Whether it’s a new fish or you’re just transferring it from one box to another.
Spending some time acclimatizing the fish will save you the pain of watching them die.
The following are some of the benefits of acclimating goldfish:
- This will help your goldfish adjust to the temperature.
Goldfish thrive in temperatures between 65 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit. Acclimatizing goldfish involves placing the bag in a quarantine tank for about fifteen minutes to ensure that the water in the bag and tank is within the temperature range required for the goldfish to survive. Sudden exposure of a fish to warmer or colder water can cause it to go into shock, causing it to become stressed.
- This helps them reduce stress.
Many people assume that their already established healthy aquarium cannot stress new fish. But it’s not. Some fish may be shocked by their new environment. In this case, acclimatization is necessary so that they adapt and do not live in fear of the new environment.
Similarly, mailed fish is stressed because it usually stays in the bag for at least a day. The ammonia level starts to rise when the fish is placed in the bag; therefore, over time, the pH of the water drops, which increases the stress on your fish.
- This helps the fish adjust to some of the chemical properties of the water, such as pH.
Temperature is not the only variable that goldfish need to adjust to. You must consider other chemical properties including pH, salinity, water hardness and other chemical treatments.
- Goldfish can be affected by rapid changes in lighting.
Rapid light changes can stress goldfish. Acclimatization makes it adapt to the light. In most cases, if you notice that your goldfish doesn’t like the amount of light reaching them, it’s a good idea to reposition the tank or artificial lighting.
How to acclimatize goldfish
This method isolates newly purchased goldfish in a quarantine tank and gradually acclimates them.
A quarantine aquarium is a small aquarium used to isolate or keep new fish after purchase so they can be closely observed. Later in this article there is a quick guide to setting up a quarantine aquarium.
Newly purchased fish may be carrying parasites or infectious diseases from the aquarium they used to live in. If you settle them immediately in the main aquarium, the existing inhabitants may become infected. Therefore isolation is very important.
If a new fish shows symptoms of an infection, you will be able to treat it alone rather than risk other fish in your main tank.
A quarantine tank is also essential so that your new goldfish can adapt to new eating habits without having to compete with other established goldfish.
Placing the fish in a quarantine aquarium helps your new fish reduce the stress associated with the new environment.
What do you need to acclimatize during quarantine?
Below are the main tasks you need to complete in order to make the quarantine environment comfortable for your new goldfish:
- Help your goldfish adjust to the new temperature
Follow the usual method to place a bag of fish in the quarantine tank water. Wait 30-40 minutes for the temperature to even out. Once this is done, use the fish net to take the fish out of the package and place them in the quarantine aquarium. Never fill the aquarium with water that you brought from the pet store, as it can contain germs.
The most important part of acclimatizing new goldfish is maintaining the condition of the water. Check the pH, temperature and water chemistry to make sure the ingredients are in the correct proportions.
The ideal temperature for a goldfish tank is 65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit and a pH of 7 to 8. A quarantine tank is not a cyclical tank, so it’s important to check your ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels frequently (twice a day). .
- Perform regular water changes
In an established aquarium with goldfish, regular water changes vital as goldfish are a slightly delicate species. In a quarantine aquarium, daily water changes are desirable. However, the frequency can be adjusted based on the water test results. Keep ammonia and nitrite levels at zero and nitrate levels below 10 ppm.
- The practice of controlled feeding
It is wise to feed your new fish in a controlled manner, especially if you are feeding them processed foods. Some fish may not be accustomed to eating these foods. #
Try not to overfeed new goldfish because leftover food will decompose and become toxic in a quarantine tank. This can be deadly for new members.
To improve the immune system of new goldfish, you can feed them medicinal fish such as antiprotozoal flakes and deworming flakes.
- Drug Administration
New fish suffer from stress and are susceptible to infections. Thus, it is wise to treat them for common bacterial and fungal infections. The dose of the medicine must be correct, and be careful about overdosing. If possible, seek the advice of a veterinarian.
Adding beneficial bacteria to the quarantine tank will help the acclimatization process. This helps to establish the nitrogen cycle, which remains developed in the installed tank. A biofiltration system or seeded sponge from the main tank can promote the development of beneficial bacteria.
Duration of the quarantine period
Most experts advise that the quarantine period should be approximately two to six weeks. The period may depend on the activity of the fish and the symptoms it exhibits. Therefore, it can be extended up to six weeks if you are not satisfied with the reaction of the fish during the first two weeks.
Once the new fish has fully adapted to the new environment and is free of infections, it can be transferred to the main tank.
Installation of a quarantine tank
The size of the quarantine tank depends on the number and size of the fish you want to isolate. For smaller fish, a 10 gallon aquarium is sufficient, while for larger fish, a larger container can be used. Always make sure that the material used to make the tank is strong enough to support the weight of the water and is safe to use.
When making a quarantine tank, make a lid to keep the fish from jumping out of the container so they stay in the tank. It is also important to develop a filtration system to maintain water quality in quarantine tanks. You can use a sponge to filter the water.
A heater is also needed to keep the water warm, as cold water encourages bacterial and fungal infections in fish. To control the water temperature, a thermometer with a digital display is used.
Rinse the tank with clean water and fill it with water to make sure it doesn’t leak. Once the container is filled with water, place the heater and filter in their respective positions to test their functionality. Also, measure the water temperature to make sure it matches the heater temperature.
When all of the above tools are working, your quarantine tank is ready to use.
What can not be done during the quarantine period?
Firstly: Avoid using the items you use in the quarantine tank in the main tank. This is because they can carry some pathogens with them that end up harming your fish.
Secondly: You should not add water from the isolation tank to the main tank as this could infect the fish in the main tank.
Thirdly: Do not inject drugs that you are not sure are safe. And be sure to use the correct dosage. It is wise to consult with experts about medications that can be given to fish, or read the manufacturer’s instructions to make sure you are administering the medication correctly.
The best idea is to acclimatize your new goldfish in isolation. The quarantine system allows you to determine which fish have fungal or bacterial infections. If you buy fish from different sellers, you should not isolate them in the same quarantine tank because they can infect other fish that may be healthy.
The measures you take during the quarantine period also help your fish settle into their new environment and minimize stress.
Regular water changes, providing them with special food, and administering medications are essential during the quarantine period, all of which are aimed at improving the survival of your fish.
You don’t need to buy an expensive aquarium kit to isolate new fish as you can easily set up a quarantine aquarium. This is an easy task because you can quickly turn a container like a plastic tub into a quarantine tank. Remember to make sure the material you are using is fish safe and strong enough to hold water.